Due to diabetes, peripheral vascular disease and trauma, the tragedy of limb amputation unfortunately continues to occur too frequently. The fact that complications are common after amputation only adds to the despair and emotional stress of the procedure. Phantom limb sensations are nearly universal after amputation. In its most innocuous form, the person with the amputation is merely aware that the limb is still there and at times can even sense movement of the limb. In approximately 50% of lower limb amputations, this sensation is painful sometimes terribly so.