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Ankle sprains are an unfortunate and common injury in sports including basketball, soccer, and football. Often ankle sprains heal without a great deal of treatment, but at times, they can take a long time to finally resolve. So what are ankle sprains, why do they occur, and what can you do about them?
An ankle sprain is a tearing of the ligaments that support the outside of the ankle. These ligaments guide the ankle through its motion, ensuring that the joint surfaces do not rock into an abnormal position so that they do not become damaged. When the ankle ligaments tear, there is bleeding, which leaks into the skin usually causing bruising along the heel, back of the calf, and top of the foot.
1. Never wear shoes with thin soles, open toes, slippers or sandals
2. Always wear socks. Thick white socks are best to absorb perspiration, protect the feet, and show blood or drainage if a wound develops.
3. Avoid shoes with an upper made from stiff, synthetic material (canvas, vinyl, or plastic), or shoes with a lot of stitching, because this will not stretch to conform to your feet.
Due to diabetes, peripheral vascular disease and trauma, the tragedy of limb amputation unfortunately continues to occur too frequently. The fact that complications are common after amputation only adds to the despair and emotional stress of the procedure. Phantom limb sensations are nearly universal after amputation. In its most innocuous form, the person with the amputation is merely aware that the limb is still there and at times can even sense movement of the limb. In approximately 50% of lower limb amputations, this sensation is painful sometimes terribly so.
The foot is an extremely intricate and complicated device. The problems that affect it can be difficult to diagnose and understand. Radiographic studies such as x-rays, MRI, CAT or CT scan, and bone scans are important ways of visualizing the structures within the foot and ankle. However, they are expensive and are not a substitute for a careful examination from your doctor. Radiographic examinations are definitely overused in modern medicine. So, when are they appropriate? To answer this, we must look at the problem being examined and the chances that the radiographic study will help answer the questions that help solve that problem.
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