Ankle sprains are an unfortunate and common injury in sports including basketball, soccer, and football. Often ankle sprains heal without a great deal of treatment, but at times, they can take a long time to finally resolve. So what are ankle sprains, why do they occur, and what can you do about them?
An ankle sprain is a tearing of the ligaments that support the outside of the ankle. These ligaments guide the ankle through its motion, ensuring that the joint surfaces do not rock into an abnormal position so that they do not become damaged. When the ankle ligaments tear, there is bleeding, which leaks into the skin usually causing bruising along the heel, back of the calf, and top of the foot.